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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://elib.bsu.by/handle/123456789/236317
Title: «The blessed city»: Edessa and the Abgar legend in the age of the Crusades
Other Titles: «Благословенный город»: Эдесса и легенда об Авгаре в эпоху крестовых походов
Authors: Gurinov, Evgeniy
Гуринов, Евгений
Keywords: ЭБ БГУ::ОБЩЕСТВЕННЫЕ НАУКИ::История. исторические науки
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Минск : РИВШ
Citation: Делом и истиной : сборник научных трудов, посвященный 10-летнему юбилею сотрудничества между историками университетов Беларуси и Тюбингенского университета = Opere et Veritate : Sammelband von wissenschaftlichen Werken, gewidmet dem 10-jährigen Jubiläum der Zusammenarbeit zwischen den Historikern von weißrussischen Universitäten und der Universität Tübingen / под науч. ред. докт. ист. наук, проф. О. Б. Келлер. – Минск : РИВШ, 2019. – С. 84 - 114.
Abstract: The Abgar legend is included in the corpus of the New Testament apocryphal legends. Its core episodes are the letter exchange between King Abgar of Edessa and Jesus Christ, the healing of Abgar and the conversion of the city of Edessa to Christianity. Having grown up in the third century, the legend widely spread throughout the Near East. Jesus’ promise to King Abgar to protect Edessa against enemies had become the main motif of the legend, as re ected in the use of Abgar’s and Jesus’ letters as apotropaic amulets. On the eve of the First Crusade, the Abgar legend was widely known in Western Europe despite the fact that it was considered apocryphal and, therefore, condemned by the Roman Catholic Church. It seems that the rst crusaders arrived to Edessa were familiar with Abgar legend. Already at the beginning of the twelfth century the Edessan Franks adapted and actualized the legend. The Christians who lived in the County of Edessa believed that its capital was under divine protection. The protection was ensuring, in their vision, through the pact established between the citizens of Edessa and God. This was forging the common identity of the Franks and their Oriental Christian subjects, mainly the Armenians and the Syrians, as a “chosen people”. Furthermore, by drawing parallels between themselves and the legendary King Abgar, ruler of the rst Christian state, the Frankish counts of Edessa could claim that the county was a unique and independent lordship created before the other Crusader states.
URI: http://elib.bsu.by/handle/123456789/236317
ISBN: 978-985-586-274-2
Appears in Collections:Делом и истиной : сборник научных трудов, посвященный 10-летнему юбилею сотрудничества между историками университетов Беларуси и Тюбингенского университета = Opere et Veritate : Sammelband von wissenschaftlichen Werken, gewidmet dem 10-jährigen Jubiläum der Zusammenarbeit zwischen den Historikern von weißrussischen Universitäten und der Universität Tübingen

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