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dc.contributor.authorДавыденко, Елена Леонидовна-
dc.identifier.citationБелорусский журнал международного права и международных отношений. — 2004. — № 1ru
dc.descriptionРаздел - "Международные экономические отношения"ru
dc.description.abstractThe author studies tariff conditions of access to foreign markets after the Uruguay round of trade negotiations within the GATT/WTO. The analysis performed shows that despite absolute dependence of custom tariffs for industrial and agricultural articles, both developed and the developing countries as well as countries with transitive economies protect their producers with tariff methods. While, in the developing countries the average level of customs duties is at 3—5%, there are peak tariffs of hundreds percent for the most sensitive produce. In the developing countries tariffs exceed the level of 12% more often than in the developed countries, though these tariff peaks remain mainly within 12—30% and only in few cases exceed 100%. The problem of peak tariffs can be found in six sectors: 1) staple food produce of agriculture; 2) fruits, vegetables, fish; 3) food industry; 4) textile goods and clothes; 5) footwear, leather, goods for travel; 6) automobile industry and hi-tech products. However, not only the tariff amount but its structure as well can lead to deformation of international industry and trade conditions creating additional barriers for the access to the markets. Almost all mentioned states have a higher rate of customs protection of producers compared to the nominal rate of customs tariff for the ready-made products, inasmuch as significant tariff interest growth from raw materials to the ready-made produce can be observed. It is advisable for the Republic of Belarus and its main trade partners such as Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan to take a single position: to join the WTO only on the terms which are standard for all "old" members of the organization using the methods and instruments of protection of the domestic market from the increasing competition traditionally used by the member-states of this organization.ru
dc.publisherМеждународное общественное объединение по изучению ООН и информационно-образовательным программамru
dc.titleАнализ доступа товаров на зарубежные рынки после Уругвайского раунда: тарифные условияru
dc.title.alternativeAccess to Foreing Markets after the Uruguay Round: Tariff Conditions (Elena Davydenko)ru
Appears in Collections:Белорусский журнал международного права и международных отношений. — 2004. — № 1

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