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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://elib.bsu.by/handle/123456789/289107
Title: Predictors of anxiety in the COVID-19 pandemic from a global perspective: Data from 23 countries
Authors: Kasparova, Elena
Keywords: ЭБ БГУ::ОБЩЕСТВЕННЫЕ НАУКИ::Социология
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Sustainability 2021;13(7).
Abstract: Prior and ongoing COVID-19 pandemic restrictions have resulted in substantial changes to everyday life. The pandemic and measures of its control affect mental health negatively. Self-reported data from 15,375 participants from 23 countries were collected from May to August 2020 during the early phases of the COVID-19 pandemic. Two questionnaires measuring anxiety level were used in this study—the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7), and the State Anxiety Inventory (SAI). The associations between a set of social indicators on anxiety during COVID-19 (e.g., sex, age, country, live alone) were tested as well. Self-reported anxiety during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic varied across countries, with the maximum levels reported for Brazil, Canada, Italy, Iraq and the USA. Sex differences of anxiety levels during COVID-19 were also examined, and results showed women reported higher levels of anxiety compared to men. Overall, our results demonstrated that the self-reported symptoms of anxiety were higher compared to those reported in general before pandemic. We conclude that such cultural dimensions as individualism/collectivism, power distance and looseness/tightness may function as protective adaptive mechanisms against the development of anxiety disorders in a pandemic situation.
URI: https://elib.bsu.by/handle/123456789/289107
DOI: 10.3390/su13074017
Scopus: 85104184486
Sponsorship: Funding: In Russia (V.N.B., M.L.B., J.F.), this article was prepared in the framework of a research grant funded by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation (grant ID: 075-15-2020-910). The authors extend their appreciation to the Deanship of Scientific Research at King Saud University for funding this work through Support to Ahmad M. Alghraibeh (Saudi Arabia). Data collection in Hungary was supported by the Hungarian Scientific Research Fund (OTKA) awarded to the twenty-seventh author (K125437).
Licence: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Статьи кафедры педагогики и проблем развития образования

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